Microbial catabolism of phytosterol side chains yields C-19 steroids, C-22 steroids, and 17-ketosteroids (. precursors to adrenocortical hormones and contraceptives ).     The addition and modification of functional groups is key when producing the wide variety of medications available within this chemical classification. These modifications are performed using conventional organic synthesis and/or biotransformation techniques.  
Ramos referenced protests during the 90’s which called into question the environmental impact of weapons testing by the . Navy on the Puerto Rican island of Vieques, After high-profile protesting by activists and eventual backing from politicians, the Navy withdrew from Vieques.
“At first, nobody knew about what was happening on Vieques,” said Ramos. “But we were on the street here in New York, and in Puerto Rico, and in the end, people understood after all that grassroots efforts, that it was criminal and that was the moment to leave Vieques. That’s why we will keep denouncing and trying to organize as much as we can around the actions of the control board.”